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# qiskit.visualization.plot_bloch_multivector¶

plot_bloch_multivector(state, title='', figsize=None, *, rho=None, reverse_bits=False, filename=None, font_size=None, title_font_size=None, title_pad=1)[소스]

Plot a Bloch sphere for each qubit.

Each component $$(x,y,z)$$ of the Bloch sphere labeled as 〈qubit i〉 represents the expected value of the corresponding Pauli operator acting only on that qubit, that is, the expected value of $$I_{N-1} \otimes\dotsb\otimes I_{i+1}\otimes P_i \otimes I_{i-1}\otimes\dotsb\otimes I_0$$, where $$N$$ is the number of qubits, $$P\in \{X,Y,Z\}$$ and $$I$$ is the identity operator.

버전 0.15.1부터 폐지됨: qiskit.visualization.state_visualization.plot_bloch_multivector()〉s argument rho is deprecated as of qiskit-terra 0.15.1. It will be removed no earlier than 3 months after the release date. Instead, use the argument state, which behaves identically.

매개변수
• state (Statevector or DensityMatrix or ndarray) – an N-qubit quantum state.

• title (str) – a string that represents the plot title

• figsize (tuple) – size of each individual Bloch sphere figure, in inches.

• reverse_bits (bool) – If True, plots qubits following Qiskit’s convention [Default:False].

• font_size (float) – Font size for the Bloch ball figures.

• title_font_size (float) – Font size for the title.

반환

A matplotlib figure instance.

반환 형식

matplotlib.Figure

예외 발생
• MissingOptionalLibraryError – Requires matplotlib.

• VisualizationError – if input is not a valid N-qubit state.

예제

from qiskit import QuantumCircuit
from qiskit.quantum_info import Statevector
from qiskit.visualization import plot_bloch_multivector

qc = QuantumCircuit(2)
qc.h(0)
qc.x(1)

state = Statevector(qc)
plot_bloch_multivector(state)

from qiskit import QuantumCircuit
from qiskit.quantum_info import Statevector
from qiskit.visualization import plot_bloch_multivector

qc = QuantumCircuit(2)
qc.h(0)
qc.x(1)

# You can reverse the order of the qubits.

from qiskit.quantum_info import DensityMatrix

qc = QuantumCircuit(2)
qc.h([0, 1])
qc.t(1)
qc.s(0)
qc.cx(0,1)

matrix = DensityMatrix(qc)
plot_bloch_multivector(matrix, title='My Bloch Spheres', reverse_bits=True)