U3Gate

class U3Gate(theta, phi, lam, label=None)[source]

Generic single-qubit rotation gate with 3 Euler angles.

Implemented using two X90 pulses on IBM Quantum systems:

\[U3(\theta, \phi, \lambda) = RZ(\phi) RX(-\pi/2) RZ(\theta) RX(\pi/2) RZ(\lambda)\]

Circuit symbol:

     ┌───────────┐
q_0: ┤ U3(ϴ,φ,λ) ├
     └───────────┘

Matrix Representation:

\[ \begin{align}\begin{aligned}\newcommand{\th}{\frac{\theta}{2}}\\\begin{split}U3(\theta, \phi, \lambda) = \begin{pmatrix} \cos(\th) & -e^{i\lambda}\sin(\th) \\ e^{i\phi}\sin(\th) & e^{i(\phi+\lambda)}\cos(\th) \end{pmatrix}\end{split}\end{aligned}\end{align} \]

Examples:

\[U3(\theta, -\frac{\pi}{2}, \frac{pi}{2}) = RX(\theta)\]
\[U3(\theta, 0, 0) = RY(\theta)\]

Create new U3 gate.

Attributes

U3Gate.decompositions

Get the decompositions of the instruction from the SessionEquivalenceLibrary.

U3Gate.definition

Return definition in terms of other basic gates.

U3Gate.label

Return gate label

U3Gate.params

return instruction params.

Methods

U3Gate.add_decomposition(decomposition)

Add a decomposition of the instruction to the SessionEquivalenceLibrary.

U3Gate.assemble()

Assemble a QasmQobjInstruction

U3Gate.broadcast_arguments(qargs, cargs)

Validation and handling of the arguments and its relationship.

U3Gate.c_if(classical, val)

Add classical condition on register classical and value val.

U3Gate.control([num_ctrl_qubits, label, …])

Return a (mutli-)controlled-U3 gate.

U3Gate.copy([name])

Copy of the instruction.

U3Gate.inverse()

Return inverted U3 gate.

U3Gate.is_parameterized()

Return True .IFF.

U3Gate.mirror()

DEPRECATED: use instruction.reverse_ops().

U3Gate.power(exponent)

Creates a unitary gate as gate^exponent.

U3Gate.qasm()

Return a default OpenQASM string for the instruction.

U3Gate.repeat(n)

Creates an instruction with gate repeated n amount of times.

U3Gate.reverse_ops()

For a composite instruction, reverse the order of sub-instructions.

U3Gate.to_matrix()

Return a Numpy.array for the U3 gate.