In some configurations forward pass of a neural network may return the same value across multiple calls even if different weights are passed. This behavior is confirmed with
AQGDoptimizer. This was due to a bug in the implementation of the objective functions. They cache a value obtained at the forward pass to be re-used in the backward pass. Initially, this cache was based on an identifier (a call of id() function) of the weights array. AQGD re-uses the same array for weights: it updates the values keeping an instance of the array the same. This caused to re-use the same forward pass value across all iteration. Now the forward pass cache is based on actual values of weights instead of identifiers.
TrainableModel, and its sub-classes
VQC, have a new optional argument
callback. User can optionally provide a callback function that can access the intermediate training data to track the optimization process, else it defaults to
None. The callback function takes in two parameters: the weights for the objective function and the computed objective value. For each iteration an optimizer invokes the callback and passes current weights and computed value of the objective function.
Classification models (i.e. models that extend the
NeuralNetworkClassifierclass like VQC) can now handle categorical target data in methods like
score(). Categorical data is inferred from the presence of string type data and is automatically encoded using either one-hot or integer encodings. Encoder type is determined by the
one_hotargument supplied when instantiating the model.
Fix a bug, where
qiskit_machine_learning.circuit.library.RawFeatureVector.copy()didn't copy all internal settings which could lead to issues with the copied circuit. As a consequence
qiskit_machine_learning.circuit.library.RawFeatureVector.bind_parameters()is also fixed.
The QNN weight parameter in TorchConnector is now registered in the torch DAG as
weight, instead of
_weights. This is consistent with the PyTorch naming convention and the
weightproperty used to get access to the computed weights.