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CU1Gate

class CU1Gate(theta, label=None, ctrl_state=None)[código fonte]

Bases: ControlledGate

Controlled-U1 gate.

This is a diagonal and symmetric gate that induces a phase on the state of the target qubit, depending on the control state.

Circuit symbol:

q_0: ─■──
      │λ
q_1: ─■──

Matrix representation:

\[\begin{split}CU1(\lambda) = I \otimes |0\rangle\langle 0| + U1 \otimes |1\rangle\langle 1| = \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & e^{i\lambda} \end{pmatrix}\end{split}\]

Veja também

CRZGate: Due to the global phase difference in the matrix definitions of U1 and RZ, CU1 and CRZ are different gates with a relative phase difference.

Create new CU1 gate.

Methods Defined Here

control

Controlled version of this gate.

inverse

Return inverted CU1 gate (\(CU1(\lambda){\dagger} = CU1(-\lambda)\))

Attributes

condition_bits

Get Clbits in condition.

Tipo de retorno

List[Clbit]

ctrl_state

Return the control state of the gate as a decimal integer.

Tipo de retorno

int

decompositions

Get the decompositions of the instruction from the SessionEquivalenceLibrary.

definition

Return definition in terms of other basic gates. If the gate has open controls, as determined from self.ctrl_state, the returned definition is conjugated with X without changing the internal _definition.

Tipo de retorno

List

duration

Get the duration.

label

Return instruction label

Tipo de retorno

str

name

Get name of gate. If the gate has open controls the gate name will become:

<original_name_o<ctrl_state>

where <original_name> is the gate name for the default case of closed control qubits and <ctrl_state> is the integer value of the control state for the gate.

Tipo de retorno

str

num_clbits

Return the number of clbits.

num_ctrl_qubits

Get number of control qubits.

Retorno

The number of control qubits for the gate.

Tipo de retorno

int

num_qubits

Return the number of qubits.

params

Get parameters from base_gate.

Retorno

List of gate parameters.

Tipo de retorno

list

Levanta

CircuitError – Controlled gate does not define a base gate

unit

Get the time unit of duration.