CustomCircuitOracle(variable_register, output_register, circuit, ancillary_register=None, evaluate_classically_callback=None)¶
The Custom Circuit-based Quantum Oracle.
A helper class to, in essence, ‘wrap’ a user-supplied quantum circuit such that it becomes of type
Oracleand hence can be used by algorithms taking an oracle as input.
This class is provided for easy creation of oracles using custom circuits. It is geared towards programmatically experimenting with oracles, where a user directly provides a QuantumCircuit object, corresponding to the intended oracle function, together with the various QuantumRegister objects involved.
The evaluate_classically_callback param is to supply a method to classically evaluate the function (as encoded by the oracle) on a particular input bitstring. For example for an oracle that encodes 3-SAT problems, this method would determine classically if an input variable assignment would satisfy the 3-SAT expression.
The input bitstring is a string of 1’s and 0’s corresponding to the input variable(s). The return should be a (bool, List[int]) tuple where the bool corresponds to the return value of the binary function encoded by the oracle, and the List[int] should just be a different representation of the input variable assignment, which should be equivalent to the bitstring or a quantum measurement.
QuantumRegister) – The register holding variable qubit(s) for the oracle function
QuantumRegister) – The register holding output qubit(s) for the oracle function
QuantumCircuit) – The quantum circuit corresponding to the intended oracle function
QuantumRegister]) – The register holding ancillary qubit(s)
int]]]]) – The classical callback function for evaluating the oracle, for example, to use with
AquaError – Invalid input
Construct the oracle circuit.