# LinearPauliRotations#

class qiskit.circuit.library.LinearPauliRotations(num_state_qubits=None, slope=1, offset=0, basis='Y', name='LinRot')[source]#

Linearly-controlled X, Y or Z rotation.

For a register of state qubits $$|x\rangle$$, a target qubit $$|0\rangle$$ and the basis 'Y' this circuit acts as:

    q_0: ─────────────────────────■───────── ... ──────────────────────
│
.
│
q_(n-1): ─────────────────────────┼───────── ... ───────────■──────────
┌────────────┐  ┌───────┴───────┐       ┌─────────┴─────────┐
q_n: ─┤ RY(offset) ├──┤ RY(2^0 slope) ├  ...  ┤ RY(2^(n-1) slope) ├
└────────────┘  └───────────────┘       └───────────────────┘


This can for example be used to approximate linear functions, with $$a =$$ slope$$/2$$ and $$b =$$ offset$$/2$$ and the basis 'Y':

$|x\rangle |0\rangle \mapsto \cos(ax + b)|x\rangle|0\rangle + \sin(ax + b)|x\rangle |1\rangle$

Since for small arguments $$\sin(x) \approx x$$ this operator can be used to approximate linear functions.

Create a new linear rotation circuit.

Paramètres:
• num_state_qubits (int | None) – The number of qubits representing the state $$|x\rangle$$.

• slope (float) – The slope of the controlled rotation.

• offset (float) – The offset of the controlled rotation.

• basis (str) – The type of Pauli rotation (“X”, “Y”, “Z”).

• name (str) – The name of the circuit object.

Attributes

ancillas#

Returns a list of ancilla bits in the order that the registers were added.

basis#

The kind of Pauli rotation to be used.

Set the basis to “X”, “Y” or “Z” for controlled-X, -Y, or -Z rotations respectively.

Renvoie:

The kind of Pauli rotation used in controlled rotation.

calibrations#

Return calibration dictionary.

The custom pulse definition of a given gate is of the form {'gate_name': {(qubits, params): schedule}}

clbits#

Returns a list of classical bits in the order that the registers were added.

data#
extension_lib = 'include "qelib1.inc";'#
global_phase#

Return the global phase of the circuit in radians.

instances = 155#
layout#

Return any associated layout information about the circuit

This attribute contains an optional TranspileLayout object. This is typically set on the output from transpile() or PassManager.run() to retain information about the permutations caused on the input circuit by transpilation.

There are two types of permutations caused by the transpile() function, an initial layout which permutes the qubits based on the selected physical qubits on the Target, and a final layout which is an output permutation caused by SwapGates inserted during routing.

The user provided metadata associated with the circuit.

The metadata for the circuit is a user provided dict of metadata for the circuit. It will not be used to influence the execution or operation of the circuit, but it is expected to be passed between all transforms of the circuit (ie transpilation) and that providers will associate any circuit metadata with the results it returns from execution of that circuit.

num_ancilla_qubits#

The minimum number of ancilla qubits in the circuit.

Renvoie:

The minimal number of ancillas required.

num_ancillas#

Return the number of ancilla qubits.

num_clbits#

Return number of classical bits.

num_parameters#
num_qubits#

Return number of qubits.

num_state_qubits#

The number of state qubits representing the state $$|x\rangle$$.

Renvoie:

The number of state qubits.

offset#

The angle of the single qubit offset rotation on the target qubit.

Before applying the controlled rotations, a single rotation of angle offset is applied to the target qubit.

Renvoie:

The offset angle.

op_start_times#

Return a list of operation start times.

This attribute is enabled once one of scheduling analysis passes runs on the quantum circuit.

Renvoie:

List of integers representing instruction start times. The index corresponds to the index of instruction in QuantumCircuit.data.

Lève:

AttributeError – When circuit is not scheduled.

parameters#
prefix = 'circuit'#
qregs: list[QuantumRegister]#

A list of the quantum registers associated with the circuit.

qubits#

Returns a list of quantum bits in the order that the registers were added.

slope#

The multiplicative factor in the rotation angle of the controlled rotations.

The rotation angles are slope * 2^0, slope * 2^1, … , slope * 2^(n-1) where n is the number of state qubits.

Renvoie:

The rotation angle common in all controlled rotations.