C贸digo fuente para qiskit.transpiler.instruction_durations

# This code is part of Qiskit.
# (C) Copyright IBM 2020.
# This code is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0. You may
# obtain a copy of this license in the LICENSE.txt file in the root directory
# of this source tree or at http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0.
# Any modifications or derivative works of this code must retain this
# copyright notice, and modified files need to carry a notice indicating
# that they have been altered from the originals.

"""Durations of instructions, one of transpiler configurations."""
from __future__ import annotations
from typing import Optional, List, Tuple, Union, Iterable

import qiskit.circuit
from qiskit.circuit import Barrier, Delay
from qiskit.circuit import Instruction, Qubit, ParameterExpression
from qiskit.circuit.duration import duration_in_dt
from qiskit.providers import Backend
from qiskit.transpiler.exceptions import TranspilerError
from qiskit.utils.deprecation import deprecate_arg
from qiskit.utils.units import apply_prefix

def _is_deprecated_qubits_argument(qubits: Union[int, list[int], Qubit, list[Qubit]]) -> bool:
    if isinstance(qubits, (int, Qubit)):
        qubits = [qubits]
    return isinstance(qubits[0], Qubit)

[documentos]class InstructionDurations: """Helper class to provide durations of instructions for scheduling. It stores durations (gate lengths) and dt to be used at the scheduling stage of transpiling. It can be constructed from ``backend`` or ``instruction_durations``, which is an argument of :func:`transpile`. The duration of an instruction depends on the instruction (given by name), the qubits, and optionally the parameters of the instruction. Note that these fields are used as keys in dictionaries that are used to retrieve the instruction durations. Therefore, users must use the exact same parameter value to retrieve an instruction duration as the value with which it was added. """ def __init__( self, instruction_durations: "InstructionDurationsType" | None = None, dt: float = None ): self.duration_by_name: dict[str, tuple[float, str]] = {} self.duration_by_name_qubits: dict[tuple[str, tuple[int, ...]], tuple[float, str]] = {} self.duration_by_name_qubits_params: dict[ tuple[str, tuple[int, ...], tuple[float, ...]], tuple[float, str] ] = {} self.dt = dt if instruction_durations: self.update(instruction_durations) def __str__(self): """Return a string representation of all stored durations.""" string = "" for k, v in self.duration_by_name.items(): string += k string += ": " string += str(v[0]) + " " + v[1] string += "\n" for k, v in self.duration_by_name_qubits.items(): string += k[0] + str(k[1]) string += ": " string += str(v[0]) + " " + v[1] string += "\n" return string
[documentos] @classmethod def from_backend(cls, backend: Backend): """Construct an :class:`InstructionDurations` object from the backend. Args: backend: backend from which durations (gate lengths) and dt are extracted. Returns: InstructionDurations: The InstructionDurations constructed from backend. Raises: TranspilerError: If dt and dtm is different in the backend. """ # All durations in seconds in gate_length instruction_durations = [] backend_properties = backend.properties() if hasattr(backend_properties, "_gates"): for gate, insts in backend_properties._gates.items(): for qubits, props in insts.items(): if "gate_length" in props: gate_length = props["gate_length"][0] # Throw away datetime at index 1 instruction_durations.append((gate, qubits, gate_length, "s")) for q, props in backend.properties()._qubits.items(): if "readout_length" in props: readout_length = props["readout_length"][0] # Throw away datetime at index 1 instruction_durations.append(("measure", [q], readout_length, "s")) try: dt = backend.configuration().dt except AttributeError: dt = None return InstructionDurations(instruction_durations, dt=dt)
[documentos] def update(self, inst_durations: "InstructionDurationsType" | None, dt: float = None): """Update self with inst_durations (inst_durations overwrite self). Args: inst_durations: Instruction durations to be merged into self (overwriting self). dt: Sampling duration in seconds of the target backend. Returns: InstructionDurations: The updated InstructionDurations. Raises: TranspilerError: If the format of instruction_durations is invalid. """ if dt: self.dt = dt if inst_durations is None: return self if isinstance(inst_durations, InstructionDurations): self.duration_by_name.update(inst_durations.duration_by_name) self.duration_by_name_qubits.update(inst_durations.duration_by_name_qubits) self.duration_by_name_qubits_params.update( inst_durations.duration_by_name_qubits_params ) else: for i, items in enumerate(inst_durations): if not isinstance(items[-1], str): items = (*items, "dt") # set default unit if len(items) == 4: # (inst_name, qubits, duration, unit) inst_durations[i] = (*items[:3], None, items[3]) else: inst_durations[i] = items # assert (inst_name, qubits, duration, parameters, unit) if len(inst_durations[i]) != 5: raise TranspilerError( "Each entry of inst_durations dictionary must be " "(inst_name, qubits, duration) or " "(inst_name, qubits, duration, unit) or" "(inst_name, qubits, duration, parameters) or" "(inst_name, qubits, duration, parameters, unit) " f"received {inst_durations[i]}." ) if inst_durations[i][2] is None: raise TranspilerError(f"None duration for {inst_durations[i]}.") for name, qubits, duration, parameters, unit in inst_durations: if isinstance(qubits, int): qubits = [qubits] if isinstance(parameters, (int, float)): parameters = [parameters] if qubits is None: self.duration_by_name[name] = duration, unit elif parameters is None: self.duration_by_name_qubits[(name, tuple(qubits))] = duration, unit else: key = (name, tuple(qubits), tuple(parameters)) self.duration_by_name_qubits_params[key] = duration, unit return self
[documentos] @deprecate_arg( "qubits", deprecation_description=( "Using a Qubit or List[Qubit] for the ``qubits`` argument to InstructionDurations.get()" ), additional_msg="Instead, use an integer for the qubit index.", since="0.19.0", predicate=_is_deprecated_qubits_argument, ) def get( self, inst: str | qiskit.circuit.Instruction, qubits: int | list[int] | Qubit | list[Qubit] | list[int | Qubit], unit: str = "dt", parameters: list[float] | None = None, ) -> float: """Get the duration of the instruction with the name, qubits, and parameters. Some instructions may have a parameter dependent duration. Args: inst: An instruction or its name to be queried. qubits: Qubits or its indices that the instruction acts on. unit: The unit of duration to be returned. It must be 's' or 'dt'. parameters: The value of the parameters of the desired instruction. Returns: float|int: The duration of the instruction on the qubits. Raises: TranspilerError: No duration is defined for the instruction. """ if isinstance(inst, Barrier): return 0 elif isinstance(inst, Delay): return self._convert_unit(inst.duration, inst.unit, unit) if isinstance(inst, Instruction): inst_name = inst.name else: inst_name = inst if isinstance(qubits, (int, Qubit)): qubits = [qubits] if isinstance(qubits[0], Qubit): qubits = [q.index for q in qubits] try: return self._get(inst_name, qubits, unit, parameters) except TranspilerError as ex: raise TranspilerError( f"Duration of {inst_name} on qubits {qubits} is not found." ) from ex
def _get( self, name: str, qubits: list[int], to_unit: str, parameters: Iterable[float] | None = None, ) -> float: """Get the duration of the instruction with the name, qubits, and parameters.""" if name == "barrier": return 0 if parameters is not None: key = (name, tuple(qubits), tuple(parameters)) else: key = (name, tuple(qubits)) if key in self.duration_by_name_qubits_params: duration, unit = self.duration_by_name_qubits_params[key] elif key in self.duration_by_name_qubits: duration, unit = self.duration_by_name_qubits[key] elif name in self.duration_by_name: duration, unit = self.duration_by_name[name] else: raise TranspilerError(f"No value is found for key={key}") return self._convert_unit(duration, unit, to_unit) def _convert_unit(self, duration: float, from_unit: str, to_unit: str) -> float: if from_unit.endswith("s") and from_unit != "s": duration = apply_prefix(duration, from_unit) from_unit = "s" # assert both from_unit and to_unit in {'s', 'dt'} if from_unit == to_unit: return duration if self.dt is None: raise TranspilerError( f"dt is necessary to convert durations from '{from_unit}' to '{to_unit}'" ) if from_unit == "s" and to_unit == "dt": if isinstance(duration, ParameterExpression): return duration / self.dt return duration_in_dt(duration, self.dt) elif from_unit == "dt" and to_unit == "s": return duration * self.dt else: raise TranspilerError(f"Conversion from '{from_unit}' to '{to_unit}' is not supported")
[documentos] def units_used(self) -> set[str]: """Get the set of all units used in this instruction durations. Returns: Set of units used in this instruction durations. """ units_used = set() for _, unit in self.duration_by_name_qubits.values(): units_used.add(unit) for _, unit in self.duration_by_name.values(): units_used.add(unit) return units_used
InstructionDurationsType = Union[ List[Tuple[str, Optional[Iterable[int]], float, Optional[Iterable[float]], str]], List[Tuple[str, Optional[Iterable[int]], float, Optional[Iterable[float]]]], List[Tuple[str, Optional[Iterable[int]], float, str]], List[Tuple[str, Optional[Iterable[int]], float]], InstructionDurations, ] """List of tuples representing (instruction name, qubits indices, parameters, duration)."""