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qiskit.visualization.plot_state_qsphere

plot_state_qsphere(state, figsize=None, ax=None, show_state_labels=True, show_state_phases=False, use_degrees=False, *, rho=None, filename=None)[source]

Plot the qsphere representation of a quantum state. Here, the size of the points is proportional to the probability of the corresponding term in the state and the color represents the phase.

প্যারামিটার
  • state (Statevector or DensityMatrix or ndarray) -- an N-qubit quantum state.

  • figsize (tuple) -- Figure size in inches.

  • ax (matplotlib.axes.Axes) -- An optional Axes object to be used for the visualization output. If none is specified a new matplotlib Figure will be created and used. Additionally, if specified there will be no returned Figure since it is redundant.

  • show_state_labels (bool) -- An optional boolean indicating whether to show labels for each basis state.

  • show_state_phases (bool) -- An optional boolean indicating whether to show the phase for each basis state.

  • use_degrees (bool) -- An optional boolean indicating whether to use radians or degrees for the phase values in the plot.

রিটার্নস

A matplotlib figure instance if the ax kwarg is not set

রিটার্ন টাইপ

Figure

রেইজেস
  • MissingOptionalLibraryError -- Requires matplotlib.

  • VisualizationError -- if input is not a valid N-qubit state.

  • QiskitError -- Input statevector does not have valid dimensions.

Examples

from qiskit import QuantumCircuit
from qiskit.quantum_info import Statevector
from qiskit.visualization import plot_state_qsphere

qc = QuantumCircuit(2)
qc.h(0)
qc.cx(0, 1)

state = Statevector(qc)
plot_state_qsphere(state)
../_images/qiskit.visualization.plot_state_qsphere_0_0.png
# You can show the phase of each state and use
# degrees instead of radians

from qiskit.quantum_info import DensityMatrix
import numpy as np

qc = QuantumCircuit(2)
qc.h([0, 1])
qc.cz(0,1)
qc.ry(np.pi/3, 0)
qc.rx(np.pi/5, 1)
qc.z(1)

matrix = DensityMatrix(qc)
plot_state_qsphere(matrix,
     show_state_phases = True, use_degrees = True)
../_images/qiskit.visualization.plot_state_qsphere_1_0.png