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PhaseEstimationScale

class PhaseEstimationScale(bound)[source]

Bases: object

Set and use a bound on eigenvalues of a Hermitian operator in order to ensure phases are in the desired range and to convert measured phases into eigenvectors.

The bound is set when constructing this class. Then the method scale is used to find the factor by which to scale the operator.

If bound is equal exactly to the largest eigenvalue, and the smallest eigenvalue is minus the largest, then these two eigenvalues will not be distinguished. For example, if the Hermitian operator is the Pauli Z operator with eigenvalues \(1\) and \(-1\), and bound is \(1\), then both eigenvalues will be mapped to \(1\). This can be avoided by making bound a bit larger.

Increasing bound decreases the part of the interval \([0, 1)\) that is used to map eigenvalues to phi. However, sometimes this results in a better determination of the eigenvalues, because 1) although there are fewer discrete phases in the useful range, it may shift one of the discrete phases closer to the actual phase. And, 2) If one of the discrete phases is close to, or exactly equal to the actual phase, then artifacts (probability) in neighboring phases will be reduced. This is important because the artifacts may be larger than the probability in a phase representing another eigenvalue of interest whose corresponding eigenstate has a relatively small weight in the input state.

প্যারামিটার

bound (float) -- an upper bound on the absolute value of the eigenvalues of a Hermitian operator. (The operator is not needed here.)

Methods

from_pauli_sum

Create a PhaseEstimationScale from a SummedOp representing a sum of Pauli Operators.

scale_phase

Convert a phase into an eigenvalue.

scale_phases

Convert a list or dict of phases to eigenvalues.

Attributes

scale

Return the Hamiltonian scaling factor.

Return the scale factor by which a Hermitian operator must be multiplied so that the phase of the corresponding unitary is restricted to \([-\pi, \pi]\). This factor is computed from the bound on the absolute values of the eigenvalues of the operator. The methods scale_phase and scale_phases are used recover the eigenvalues corresponding the original (unscaled) Hermitian operator.

রিটার্ন টাইপ

float

রিটার্নস

The scale factor.