Source code for qiskit.pulse.instructions.instruction

# This code is part of Qiskit.
# (C) Copyright IBM 2019.
# This code is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0. You may
# obtain a copy of this license in the LICENSE.txt file in the root directory
# of this source tree or at
# Any modifications or derivative works of this code must retain this
# copyright notice, and modified files need to carry a notice indicating
# that they have been altered from the originals.

``Instruction`` s are single operations within a :py:class:`~qiskit.pulse.Schedule`, and can be
used the same way as :py:class:`~qiskit.pulse.Schedule` s.

For example::

    duration = 10
    channel = DriveChannel(0)
    sched = Schedule()
    sched += Delay(duration, channel)  # Delay is a specific subclass of Instruction
import warnings

from abc import ABC

from typing import Callable, Dict, Iterable, List, Optional, Tuple
import numpy as np

from qiskit.circuit.parameterexpression import ParameterExpression, ParameterValueType
from qiskit.pulse.channels import Channel
from qiskit.pulse.exceptions import PulseError
from qiskit.pulse.interfaces import ScheduleComponent
from qiskit.pulse.schedule import Schedule
# pylint: disable=missing-return-doc

[docs]class Instruction(ScheduleComponent, ABC): """The smallest schedulable unit: a single instruction. It has a fixed duration and specified channels. """ def __init__(self, operands: Tuple, duration: int, channels: Tuple[Channel], name: Optional[str] = None): """Instruction initializer. Args: operands: The argument list. duration: Length of time taken by the instruction in terms of dt. channels: Tuple of pulse channels that this instruction operates on. name: Optional display name for this instruction. Raises: PulseError: If duration is negative. PulseError: If the input ``channels`` are not all of type :class:`Channel`. """ if not isinstance(duration, (int, np.integer)): raise PulseError("Instruction duration must be an integer, " "got {} instead.".format(duration)) if duration < 0: raise PulseError("{} duration of {} is invalid: must be nonnegative." "".format(self.__class__.__name__, duration)) self._duration = duration for channel in channels: if not isinstance(channel, Channel): raise PulseError("Expected a channel, got {} instead.".format(channel)) self._channels = channels self._timeslots = {channel: [(0, self.duration)] for channel in channels} self._operands = operands self._name = name self._hash = None @property def name(self) -> str: """Name of this instruction.""" return self._name @property def command(self) -> None: """The associated command. Commands are deprecated, so this method will be deprecated shortly. Returns: Command: The deprecated command if available. """ warnings.warn("The `command` method is deprecated. Commands have been removed and this " "method returns None.", DeprecationWarning) @property def id(self) -> int: # pylint: disable=invalid-name """Unique identifier for this instruction.""" return id(self) @property def operands(self) -> Tuple: """Return instruction operands.""" return self._operands @property def channels(self) -> Tuple[Channel]: """Returns channels that this schedule uses.""" return self._channels @property def timeslots(self) -> Dict[Channel, List[Tuple[int, int]]]: """Occupied time slots by this instruction.""" warnings.warn("Access to Instruction timeslots is deprecated.") return self._timeslots @property def start_time(self) -> int: """Relative begin time of this instruction.""" return 0 @property def stop_time(self) -> int: """Relative end time of this instruction.""" return self.duration @property def duration(self) -> int: """Duration of this instruction.""" return self._duration @property def _children(self) -> Tuple[ScheduleComponent]: """Instruction has no child nodes.""" return () @property def instructions(self) -> Tuple[Tuple[int, 'Instruction']]: """Iterable for getting instructions from Schedule tree.""" return tuple(self._instructions())
[docs] def ch_duration(self, *channels: List[Channel]) -> int: """Return duration of the supplied channels in this Instruction. Args: *channels: Supplied channels """ return self.ch_stop_time(*channels)
[docs] def ch_start_time(self, *channels: List[Channel]) -> int: """Return minimum start time for supplied channels. Args: *channels: Supplied channels """ return 0
[docs] def ch_stop_time(self, *channels: List[Channel]) -> int: """Return maximum start time for supplied channels. Args: *channels: Supplied channels """ if any(chan in self.channels for chan in channels): return self.duration return 0
def _instructions(self, time: int = 0) -> Iterable[Tuple[int, 'Instruction']]: """Iterable for flattening Schedule tree. Args: time: Shifted time of this node due to parent Yields: Tuple[int, ScheduleComponent]: Tuple containing time `ScheduleComponent` starts at and the flattened `ScheduleComponent` """ yield (time, self)
[docs] def flatten(self) -> 'Instruction': """Return itself as already single instruction.""" return self
[docs] def shift(self: ScheduleComponent, time: int, name: Optional[str] = None) -> Schedule: """Return a new schedule shifted forward by `time`. Args: time: Time to shift by name: Name of the new schedule. Defaults to name of self """ if name is None: name = return Schedule((time, self), name=name)
[docs] def insert(self, start_time: int, schedule: ScheduleComponent, name: Optional[str] = None) -> Schedule: """Return a new :class:`~qiskit.pulse.Schedule` with ``schedule`` inserted within ``self`` at ``start_time``. Args: start_time: Time to insert the schedule schedule schedule: Schedule to insert name: Name of the new schedule. Defaults to name of self """ if name is None: name = return Schedule(self, (start_time, schedule), name=name)
[docs] def append(self, schedule: ScheduleComponent, name: Optional[str] = None) -> Schedule: """Return a new :class:`~qiskit.pulse.Schedule` with ``schedule`` inserted at the maximum time over all channels shared between ``self`` and ``schedule``. Args: schedule: schedule to be appended name: Name of the new schedule. Defaults to name of self """ common_channels = set(self.channels) & set(schedule.channels) time = self.ch_stop_time(*common_channels) return self.insert(time, schedule, name=name)
[docs] def assign_parameters(self, value_dict: Dict[ParameterExpression, ParameterValueType] ) -> 'Instruction': """Modify and return self with parameters assigned according to the input. Args: value_dict: A mapping from Parameters to either numeric values or another Parameter expression. Returns: Self with updated parameters. """ new_operands = list(self.operands) for idx, op in enumerate(self.operands): for parameter, value in value_dict.items(): if isinstance(op, ParameterExpression) and parameter in op.parameters: new_operands[idx] = new_operands[idx].assign(parameter, value) elif (isinstance(op, Channel) and isinstance(op.index, ParameterExpression) and parameter in op.index.parameters): new_index = new_operands[idx].index.assign(parameter, value) if not new_index.parameters: new_index = float(new_index) if float(new_index).is_integer(): # If it's not, allow Channel to raise an error upon initialization new_index = int(new_index) new_operands[idx] = type(op)(new_index) self._operands = tuple(new_operands) return self
[docs] def draw(self, dt: float = 1, style=None, filename: Optional[str] = None, interp_method: Optional[Callable] = None, scale: float = 1, plot_all: bool = False, plot_range: Optional[Tuple[float]] = None, interactive: bool = False, table: bool = True, label: bool = False, framechange: bool = True, channels: Optional[List[Channel]] = None): """Plot the instruction. Args: dt: Time interval of samples style (Optional[SchedStyle]): A style sheet to configure plot appearance filename: Name required to save pulse image interp_method: A function for interpolation scale: Relative visual scaling of waveform amplitudes plot_all: Plot empty channels plot_range: A tuple of time range to plot interactive: When set true show the circuit in a new window (this depends on the matplotlib backend being used supporting this) table: Draw event table for supported instructions label: Label individual instructions framechange: Add framechange indicators channels: A list of channel names to plot Returns: matplotlib.figure: A matplotlib figure object of the pulse schedule """ # pylint: disable=invalid-name, cyclic-import from qiskit import visualization return visualization.pulse_drawer(self, dt=dt, style=style, filename=filename, interp_method=interp_method, scale=scale, plot_all=plot_all, plot_range=plot_range, interactive=interactive, table=table, label=label, framechange=framechange, channels=channels)
def __eq__(self, other: 'Instruction') -> bool: """Check if this Instruction is equal to the `other` instruction. Equality is determined by the instruction sharing the same operands and channels. """ return isinstance(other, type(self)) and self.operands == other.operands def __hash__(self) -> int: if self._hash is None: self._hash = hash((type(self), self.operands, return self._hash def __add__(self, other: ScheduleComponent) -> Schedule: """Return a new schedule with `other` inserted within `self` at `start_time`.""" return self.append(other) def __or__(self, other: ScheduleComponent) -> Schedule: """Return a new schedule which is the union of `self` and `other`.""" return self.insert(0, other) def __lshift__(self, time: int) -> Schedule: """Return a new schedule which is shifted forward by `time`.""" return self.shift(time) def __repr__(self) -> str: operands = ', '.join(str(op) for op in self.operands) return "{}({}{})".format(self.__class__.__name__, operands, ", name='{}'".format( if else "")